WHAT IS A (M.F.C.) MAGNETIC FLUID CONDITIONER?
(a) The M.F.C. unit
is a series of very powerful magnetic circuits mounted
in a case equipped with standard pipe threads or flanges
at each end.
(b) Diameter and
length of the M.F.C.
will depend on the volume of fluid to be treated and the
intensity of treatment. Length will vary from 12 to 48
is in line with the piping so that all the fluid passes
through the M.F.C.
(d) "State of the
Art" RARE EARTH permanent magnets make the M.F.C. self
powered with a life expectancy of decades.
(e) No external
electrical power or recharging is needed.
(f) Normally, the
diameter of the M.F.C.
will be the same or close to the diameter of the system
piping and seldom more than one or two pipe sizes larger
or smaller. M.F.C.'S
are sized by flow rate not line size.
Always consult your Mag-Tek distributor or factory for
correct flow rate/unit size.
2. WHAT DOES THE
(a) It prohibits
scale and wax build-up in pipes and equipment.
(b) It progressively
removes solids from existing pipes, boilers, water towers,
heat exchange units, production equipment, portable domestic
hot water systems etc.
(c) Removal or elimination
of solid deposits from the walls of the pipe or surfaces
of equipment greatly reduces the incidence of "under deposit"
pitting corrosion cells from forming. Also a system clean
of scale deposits is much easier to keep free of bacteria,
fungus and algae.
3. HOW DOES IT DO
The fluid to be
treated is accelerated through controlled and intensified
magnetic fields creating enormous molecular excitation
that affects the size of particles of precipitated compounds,
the ability of crystals to form, changes their shape and
alters the solubility of compounds.
In the case of calcium
carbonate the larger, misshapen crystals or flocculated
particles will not coagulate to form scale in the same
way that smaller normal crystals would.
Secondly the equilibrium
between the fluid and the existing scale is disrupted
by the larger crystals. Smaller particles, in general,
dissolve more easily so larger particles reduce the local
concentration of calcite in solution-and remove the existing
4. HOW LONG IS THE
The clean up period
will take from several weeks to several months because
of many variables. The type of scale or combination of
materials, the temperature it has been exposed to as well
as the velocity, turbulence and conductivity of the fluid
are some of the variables.
5. WHERE DOES THE
Some of the dissolved
solids are precipitated to form large random shaped crystals
which when wet will settle out as sludge or when dry become
amorphous powder. This sludge will settle to the bottom
of boilers or in the basin of cooling towers where they
are removed by blow down or flushing.
Side stream solids
separation equipment can be effective in removing these
solids from some systems. A portion of the existing scale
will return to solution and be carried away in the bleed
off. The rest of the scale may fall off in softened pieces
and have to be physically removed from the system several
times during the clean up period. It is a slow but safe
way to remove scale.
6. WILL IT WORK
ON ALL TYPES OF WATER?
The MagWell fluid
conditioner is most effective in hard water, salt water
and soft treated water. It also works very well
combined with chemical treatment so changing from chemical
to magnetic treatment is easy. The combination of both
chemical and magnetic treatment makes the clean up faster.
The reaction in
highly conductive seawater and oil field production water
is more pronounced. Scale problems in oil well pumps have
been eliminated with M.F.C.'s where the total dissolved
solids have been over 200,000 P.P.M. and the hardness
more than 20,000 P.P.M.
7. WILL IT TREAT
There is no limit
to the size that M.F.C.'s can be built. They can be manifolded
and only the required number of units used to meet the
flow rate. One large unit can treat the discharge of many
pumps. Smaller units on the discharge of each pump may
be required if the pumps cycle on/off. Units have been
installed on recirculating systems in excess of 30,000
feet in length.
8. IS THE M.F.C.
A WATER SOFTENER?
No. The M.F.C. is
not a water softener; it does change the state of the
solids in the water and reduce surface tension. In most
cases the use of a water softener can be discontinued.
An exception may be a boiler under heavy load with no
condensation return and a very hard raw water supply.
If scale control has not been achieved with a water softener
and chemicals, then leave the existing treatment in place
until control is achieved with the magnetic unit. . Scale
control chemicals can then be cut back or eliminated.
Just getting the scaling problems under control will make
the M.F.C. cost effective in severe cases as the above-described
9. DO I STILL NEED
The Magnetic treatment
replaces the chemicals in most cases except for an Algacide
to control bacteria, fungi and algae. You will experience
a reduction in the amount of algacide used in conjunction
with the M.F.C. compared to chemicals only.
Steam Boiler applications
where mechanical de-gassing is not used will require continued
chemical treatment for dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide.
These chemicals are only a small portion of the overall
chemical cost if chemicals only are used.
10. WILL THE SYSTEM
SCALE UP AGAIN?
If the magnetic
units are installed and then the system neglected it will
start to clean then scale up again. The magnetic system
is much easier to maintain than a chemical only system.
However, during the clean up period solids must be flushed
from the system and correct bleed off or blowdown procedures
followed. After the initial clean up period, the system
will be very easy to maintain.
11. HOW DO I KNOW
before and 30 to 60 days after the M.F.C. installation
will demonstrate the clean up. Although a T.D.S. continuity
test will indicate its reaction-the operator or plant
supervisor has schedules set up for blowdown according
to P.P.M. concentration in boiler water. Our unit will
increase the reading, showing the scale coming into suspension
and requiring more frequent blowdowns initially. As the
scale is removed, the T.D.S. - P.P.M. will again recede
and blowdown should be sequenced to maintain the correct
T.D.S. Because of the removal of existing deposits, the
heat exchange will be better and fuel consumption will
(b) AIR CONDITIONING
Monitor the temperature
spread across the condenser and watch it return to the
original specs. Since the condenser increases in efficiency,
the load can be reduced. Record this change to calculate
savings. Head temperature and oil temperature both will
decrease. This load change has two primary benefits, (a)
dollars saved in energy consumed, and (b) increases life
(c) INDUSTRIAL HEAT
Monitor in/out temperatures and pressures on both sides
of the heat exchanges as it returns to the original specifications.
(d) DOMESTIC HOT
Potable water can be safely treated with magnetics. MagWell
M.F.C.'s do not introduce any foreign contaminates which
would alter the purity. Normal blowdown of the storage
tank will reveal a residue of crystal deposits being discharged
form the bottom drain. Scheduled blowdown of the hot water
storage tank should not be neglected. By monitoring, you
will note an increase in temperature of the return hot
water line. You will also note a shorter recovery time.
This indicates a more efficient heat exchanger. Sectioning
a piece of the water line at a remote location will provide
a method to visibly inspect the removal rate. Water flow
rates will increase at all points in the system.
12. WHAT ABOUT PRESSURE
As the fluid to
be treated is accelerated through the magnetic fields
a pressure drop occurs across the M.F.C. This pressure
drop can be as little as one PSI or as much as 10 PSI
depending on the system. As a general rule 2-6 PSI is
The feet of head,
pump specs. type of system, flow rates required, etc.,
are all taken into consideration in selecting the right
size and model M.F.C. for your system. The pressure drop
and more are gained back when the frictional losses due
to scale are eliminated from the system.
13. HOW ARE M.F.C.'S
Any person with
a basic understanding of elementary pipe fitting can install
the magnetic units in the pipe. At your request MagWell,
Inc. will provide you with a detailed instruction manual
or insure that one of our Reps. are present for the installation.
Our sales reps. will be pleased to inspect your system
and gather information to properly size your M.F.C.'s.